The primary and essential element of original sin is the privation of
sanctifying grace from, the lack of supernatural life in, the soul of every
human creature born into the world since the Fall (excluding
Jesus & the
Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary);
it is not an actual sin but a state of sin in which each individual is involved
by virtue of the solidarity of the human race: the will of all humankind
rebelled in Adam (the first Man), the head, fountain and representative of the
race, when he rejected God's gift of a supernatural life by disobedience (the
Fall). His sin was the sin of human nature (Rom. v. 12-21) and inheres as
habitual sin in all who share in that nature by bodily generation. The effects
of original sin are, firstly, its own essence, the loss of sanctifying grace;
then, the loss of integrity, resulting in concupiscence, i.e., a general
propensity towards an uncontrolled love of oneself and of creatures; and the
loss of immortality and impassibility. It must be noted that the Church
repudiates and abhors the doctrine that concupiscence is itself original sin or
that man is wicked by the very condition of his nature as such or that original
sin is an essential corruption of the soul. Original sin is entirely remitted,
not simply covered up by external imputation of the righteousness of Christ, by
Baptism, but concupiscence, the tendency to sin, and the physical disabilities
of death and suffering remain." (Catholic Dictionary)
incurs everlasting punishment, not on account of its gravity, but by reason of
the condition of the subject, viz. a human being deprived of grace, without
which there is no remission of sin." (St. Thomas Aquinas, Doctor of the Church
and "greatest theologian in the history of the Church")
As stated in the
Catechism of St. John Neumann...
Q. Why must all
A. In punishment
of original sin.
As stated in the
Q. What are the
chief punishments of Adam that all persons inherit due to original sin?
A. The chief
punishments of Adam which we inherit through original sin are: death, suffering,
ignorance, and a strong inclination to sin.
Note that suffering &
death entered the world due Original Sin and that Jesus came to save us due to
this sin of disobedience on the part of our first parents (Adam & Eve).
To have Original Sin
remitted (or removed/erased), baptism is necessary.
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